Örgütlerde İletişim Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörlerin Değerlendirilmesi

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Tarih

2011

Dergi Başlığı

Dergi ISSN

Cilt Başlığı

Yayıncı

Selçuk Üniversitesi

Erişim Hakkı

info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

Özet

İnsanlığın büyük bir bölümü için çalışmak, yaşam içinde başka herhangi bir etkinlikten çok daha fazla yer tutmaktadır. Modern toplumlarda bir iş sahibi olmak kendine güveni oluşturmak ve korumak konusunda temel taşlardan biri olarak kabul edilmektedir. Çalışma koşullarının görece kötü, iş sürecinin basit, rutin ve sıkıcı olduğu durumlarda bile çalışmak, bir işi olmamak kadar mutsuzluğa yol açmamaktadır. Açıktır ki; yaşantının önemli bir alanını kaplayan çalışma yaşamından sağlanan doyum, genel olarak yaşam doyumunu etkilemektedir. Öte yandan yaşam doyumunun düzeyi de iş doyumunun belirleyicilerinden birisi olarak görülmektedir. Çalışmayı sadece maddi kazanç getirisi ile tanımlamanın olanaksızlaştığı günümüzde, bir işte çalışıyor olmak aynı zamanda sosyalleşmek anlamını da taşımaktadır. Bireylerin yaşam doyumlarını arttıran en önemli unsurlardan birinin tatmin edici bireyler arası ilişkiler ve kaliteli sosyal paylaşımlar olduğu gerçeğinden hareketle, iletişim doyumunun da yaşam doyumunu üzerinde etkili bir değişken olduğu düşünülmektedir. Bu çalışma yaşam doyumu, iş doyumu ve iletişim doyumu değişkenlerinin birbirleriyle olan ilişkisi konusunda teorik bir çerçeve sunmaya çalışmaktadır. Buradan hareketle çalışma dâhilinde bahsi geçen kavramlar ve kavramlar arası ilişkiler açıklanmaya çalışılmış, literatürde yer alan ilgili araştırmaların sonuçlarına yer verilmiştir.
The basic task of a manager, in all types of organizations and at all levels, is defined as "the achievement of harmony of individual effort toward the accomplishment of group goals" Most managers have a variety of experiences of communicating with colleagues, superiors and teams during the first half of their careers: some may have given presentations to internal or external clients; others may even have addressed large audiences at meetings or conferences. Communication is vital for coordination and collaboration within a firm, and for establishing relationships with clients. It is an essential skill for a manager. Today's business world places greater expectations on those who seek to lead. When recruiting new employees, increasingly companies say they look for people with razor-sharp communication skills more than analytical ability. Boundaries have fallen at the national level, and this has been mirrored by an equivalent effect at the personal level. It is not enough to say what you want people to do - they want to know why. "Knowing why" is as important as "knowing how". Beyond the extensive research done in job performance the past few decades, researchers have done some work on the organization communication--job satisfaction construct. The prevailing evidence indicates these factors relate positively. Only three studies, though, have documented correlations specifically between. Jain's (1973) early study used a questionnaire interview format to examine the relationship between communication effectiveness of hospital supervisors and their job performance as perceived by their subordinates. Effectiveness criteria were supervisor communication behavior, supervisor-subordinate communication frequency and amount, employee knowledge of policies and procedures, employee communication satisfaction, and non- supervisory formal communication channels use. Results showed positive correlations between communication effectiveness and job performance, communication frequency and amount and job performance, and employee communication satisfaction and supervisor job performance. the positive relationship between organizational communication and job satisfaction appears to be well documented, while there is less reason to say this about the relationship between organizational communication and job performance. Nor do we know much about the factors that compose organizational communication satisfaction and their interrelationships. Strong, continuing interest in the construct has appeared in books, conference proceedings, and doctoral dissertations. In summary, investigation of the organizational communication-job performance research indicates a need for further empirical study Pearce and Segal, 2004). Life consists of every single factor affecting a person’s life conditions. All the details in a person’s life compose his life itself. For working people that composition is more mingled as working life comes with a number of different subtitiles. As the thinkers state the mostly seeked target of humanbeings is happiness. Happiness has always been the best motive of many actions. It is most powerful incentive to make people perform their tasks.That vital emotion can be gained through some certain satisfactions, including life satisfaction, work satisfaction, communicational satisfaction and so on. Those are also interrelated, so one of those affect the other one or two or all directly and intensely. In other words, with a deep dissatisfaction in one course, it is almost impossible to reach absolute satisfaction in another one. Life satisfaction can be associated with health, wealth, achievements, relations etc by and large; however, the ranking varies for people and they set different standartds for happiness according to their personal traits,life conditions such as their gender, age, educational background, religion, nation etc. and their voluntary controls on their lives ( not like genetic and environmental factors). As to job satisfaction, it is more easy to define and confine it when it is compared to life satisfaction as it is associated with small number of factors such as, salary, promotion opportunities, the administrators, extra amendments, rewards, work flow, co-workers, the work itself and the organizational communication matter. In today’s world the working people spend most of their times in working areas, so one can not deny the fact thet job satisfaction has a major role in the perception of life satisfaction. A person’s job also determines a working person’s social circle to a big extend, so job satisfaction inserts iteslf in the center of life satisfaction. Communicational satisfaction is also attached a lot importance in literature on the satisfaction issue. Communicational satisfaction consists of tree main titles as satisfaction with interpersonnal communication, satisfaction with a group communication and satisfaction with the organizational communication.. The amount of information a working person receives, organizational communication climate, the transparency of vertical communication and the frequency of interaction among the working people are some of the factors affecting commnunicational satisfaction. There exists a strong realtionship between job satisfaction and communicational satisfaction. Being able to communicate in a healtyh way has a great impact at a work place, it makes the people have confidence and create a sense of security. This study suggests that there is a need to do more research to find out the relation between the life satisfaction and communicational satisfaction. Alas, there is not satisfactory evidence to shoe that correlation. Working prevails upon all the activities people perform for the big percentage of populations. In a modern world, having a job is regarded as having confidence and retaining it. Working even in hard and poor conditions can be preferrable to being unemployed. It is obvious that the satisfaction with the job has a lot impact on the satisfaction with the life itself. Similary, the satisfaction with life has a lot to do with the job satisfaction. Today, it is impossible to take job satisfaction only as the financial satisfaction as having a job means having a social life within its circle which determines a person’s likes and dislikes, ethics and principles, most of hid world views etc. . Creating healthy interpersonal relations and having qualified social sharings are vital factors to improve life satisfaction, so communicational satisfaction is a direct variation for life satisfaction. From this point of view, this study is important to show effects of communication on the workers. This study aims to form a frame to show the relatedness of life, job and communicational satisfaction. The key words, phrases and relations of the phrases have been clarified, and also, the analysis of related studies in literature have been placed.

Açıklama

Anahtar Kelimeler

Yaşam doyumu, iş doyumu, iletişim doyumu, Life satisfaction, job satisfaction, communication satisfaction

Kaynak

Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi

WoS Q Değeri

Scopus Q Değeri

Cilt

Sayı

26

Künye

Eroğlu, E., (2011). Örgütlerde İletişim Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörlerin Değerlendirilmesi. Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 26, 137-149.