An Investigation of Depression and Loneliness among School Principals

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Tarih

2009

Dergi Başlığı

Dergi ISSN

Cilt Başlığı

Yayıncı

EDAM

Erişim Hakkı

info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess

Özet

This research aimed to investigate whether loneliness predicts depression, and to examine the levels of depression loneliness among school principals according to such variables as gender and educational background. The study was conducted on 232 school principals (37 females and 195 males). Thirty six of the participants had associate degrees, 164 had undergraduate degrees and 32 had graduate degrees. The UCLA Loneliness Questionnaire and the Beck Depression Inventory were used in order to gather the data. t-test, ANOVA, Pearson moments correlation coefficients and linear regression were used in order to analyze the data. Whether the levels of loneliness and depression differed significantly across gender was analyzed with a t-test. The results showed that the mean level of loneliness was (x) over bar =34.38 for females and (x) over bar =32.58 for males and the mean level of depression was (x) over bar =29.11for females and (x) over bar =28.39 for males. Neither of the mean differences was significant (p=.15, p=.49, respectively). ANOVA was used in order to observe whether loneliness and depression levels differed according to educational levels. The mean loneliness levels were found to be (x) over bar =34.45 for those who had associate degrees; (x) over bar =32.59 for those who had undergraduate degrees; and (x) over bar =33.93 for those who hold graduate degrees. Similarly, the levels of depression were found to be (x) over bar =29.60 for those who had associate degrees; (x) over bar =28.37 for those who had undergraduate degrees; and (x) over bar =28.50 for those who hold graduate degrees. Neither of the mean differences was significant (p=.39, p=.61). However there was a significant relationship between loneliness and depression when this relationship was observed with Pearson-product moments correlation coefficient (p=.05). A simple liner regression analysis showed that loneliness scores predicted 15.3% of depression.

Açıklama

Anahtar Kelimeler

Loneliness, Depression, School Director

Kaynak

KURAM VE UYGULAMADA EGITIM BILIMLERI

WoS Q Değeri

N/A

Scopus Q Değeri

Cilt

9

Sayı

1

Künye