Risk factors for postpartum depression in a group of teenage mothers

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Objective: In urban areas of Turkey, teenage marriage is approved by parents and many of teenagers willingly go into this marriage. Sociodemographic features of teenage pregnancy may differ from western countries. However there is no data about postpartum depression (PPD) in teenage mothers in Turkey. We aimed to evaluate PPD incidence, and its association with gestational and sociodemographic features in a group of teenage mothers. Material and Methods: This study was performed on 135 teenage mothers in their first month of postnatal period. A structured questionnaire and the Turkish version of the Edinburg Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) were administered to determine presence of PPD. A cut-off point of 13 for the detection of depression risk was used in the study. Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis was used for statistical analysis. Results: The mean age of the mothers was 17.7 ± 1.8 (15-18 years), and the mean marital age was 16.2 ± 1.1/years. Of the adolescent mothers, 41.4% had a score of 13 or higher on the EPDS. In the logistic regression analysis, EPDS scores were significantly related with maternal age, economic status, living with a small family, prenatal care of baby, and mode of delivery. Conclusion: Early age at pregnancy and poor economic status seem to be closely associated with PPD in adolescent mothers. Therefore, adolescent pregnancies should be delayed for almost all young people until a reasonable age. Family members or public health nurses should help the adolescent mothers about infant care and motherhood during postpartum period. Copyright © 2010 by Türkiye Klinikleri.


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Adolescent psychology, Depression, Postpartum


Turkiye Klinikleri Jinekoloji Obstetrik

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