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  • Öğe
    Using Geographical Information Systems in Determination of Production Areas of Ornamental Plants Konya, Turkey
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2019) Karakayacı, Zuhal; Polat, Ahmet Tuğrul; Çelik, Yusuf; Eşitken, Ahmet
    The increase of dependency of people in nature, due to the gradual increase of population at cities and the effect of life conditions, causes an increase in demand for green areas and ornamental plants. This increase of demand had provided an economic sector dimension to cultivation of ornamental plants. This study had been realized in order to determine suitable areas for cultivation of ornamental plants in the province of Konya which is a significant agriculture potential of Turkey and which has an ecology suitable for cultivation of many agricultural products. In the determination of these suitable areas, Geographical Information Systems having many functions such as location determination, data storage, data analysis and spatial analysis had been used. Climate, topography and soil features required for cultivation of ornamental plants had been obtained in map environment for the research area, and the analyses required for determination of suitable areas had been made in ArcGIS module. As the result of the analyses, it had been determined that the south-east and south-west areas of the province of Konya were suitable or conditionally suitable areas for cultivation of ornamental plants. These areas will be assessed considering their proximity to market and the socio-economic features of the current producer potential, and establishment of ornamental plants cultivation facilities at the most suitable area will provide significant contributions for the province of Konya in economic, social and environmental aspects.
  • Öğe
    Effects of Bacteria and IBA on the Rooting of Bitter Orange (Citrus Aurantium L.) and Trifoliate Orange (Poncirus Trifoliata Raf.) Cuttings
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2019) Çınar, Mustafa; Pırlak, Lütfi; Kafa, Güçer; Turan, Metin
    In this study, the effects of Agrobacterium rubi A-18 and Bacillus OSU-142 bacterial strains alone and in combination with 1000, 2000, 4000 ppm IBA on rooting of bitter orange and trifoliate orange citrus rootstock in softwood, semihardwood and hardwood cuttings were investigated. In the case of IBA solution, Agrobacterium rubi A-18 and Bacillus OSU-142 were prepared in solution at a concentration of 1x109 bacteria / ml and applied to steel. Application is made in the mist propagation system, in the perlite are planted in the environment. Steels kept in the fogging environment for 3 months were removed at the end of this period and rooting rates (%), callus formation rates (%) and survival rates (%) were determined. According to the results of the research, the rooting rates of the steels taken at different periods were found to be low. The highest rooting rates of bitter orange softwood cuttings were 2000 ppm IBA + OSU-142 (6.67%), semi-hardwood cuttings OSU-142 (20.00%), and 4000 ppm IBA + OSU-142 (20.00%) in hardwood cuttings. It has been not rooting in trifoliate orange softwood cuttings, the highest rooting was in the case of semi-hardwood cuttings with 4000 ppm IBA + OSU-142 (26.67%), in hardwood cuttings 1000 ppm IBA + OSU-142, 2000 ppm IBA + OSU-142, 4000 ppm IBA + OSU-142, 1000 ppm IBA + A-18, 2000 ppm IBA + A-18 and 4000 ppm IBA + A-18 (20.00%). According to the cuttings pick-up period, the rooting rates of bitter orange are not different between the periods, in the trifoliate orange the hardwood cuttings were found to be higher. As a result, it can be said that plant growth promoting bacteria and IBA applications have no effect on rooting in the softwood, semi-hardwood and hardwood cuttings of the bitter orange and trifoliate orange citrus rootstocks, it can be said that studies on rooting in these rootstocks can be useful in different bacterial breeds.
  • Öğe
    Extending the Postharvest Quality of Peach Fruits by Salicylic Acid and MAP Treatments
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2019) Sabır, Ferhan K.; Ünal, Sevil; Maadheedi, Mays Talal Kadhim; Mahdi, Israa Mohammed Mahdi
    Postharvest salicylic acid (SA) treatments can decrease the fungal decay of horticultural crops by affecting the ethylene biosynthesis and inducing the systemic resistance during cold storage. In the present study, effects of SA and modified atmosphere packages (MAP) on the postharvest quality maintenance of fruits of peach cv ‘J. H. Hale’ were investigated. After harvest at commercial maturity, half lot of each of the fruits was subjected to 1 mM SA for 5 min and was packed with or without MAP. The remaining lot was not subjected to SA but was also stored with or without MAP. All the fruits were stored at 1°C and 90% relative humidity for 60 d. Weight loss, color of flesh and skin, firmness, total soluble solid, titratable acidity, total phenolic and total antioxidant analyses were performed with 15 d intervals to compare the effectiveness of treatments. SA treatment had positive influences on the postharvest quality maintenance of the fruits. In particular, the combined use of SA and MAP was more effective than their individual use in maintaining the firmness of the fruits, delaying the biochemical changes in the flesh and alterations in the skin color.
  • Öğe
    Salicylic Acid Treatments for Extending Postharvest Quality of Tomatoes Maintained at Different Storage Temperatures
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2021) Ünal, Sevil; Küçükbasmacı, Ömer Alper; Sabır, Ferhan Küçükbasmacı
    Salicylic acid (SA) is known to be an effective tool on extending the postharvest quality of horticultural commodities by preventing synthesis and movement of ethylene. Thus, the present study was established to study the effect of different dozes of SA treatments (0.5 mM, 1.0 mM and 2.0 mM) on extending postharvest quality of pink maturity tomatoes maintained at two different storage conditions (5 °C with 90% relative humidity and 20 °C with 65% relative humidity). SA treatment at all doses significantly retarded weight loss at both storage conditions. SA treated tomatoes were firmer, higher in titratable acidity, and exhibited less biochemical changes than the control fruit at the end of storage. Among the applied dozes, SA at 2 mM can be recommended as it was pioneering for most of the parameters analyzed during cold storage at both 5 °C for 20 d and at 20 °C for 10 d. SA treatment may be recommended as an environmental friendly, healthy and sustainable method for extending postharvest quality of tomatoes cold storage and shelf life, without significant adverse effect on produces.
  • Öğe
    The Effects of Nitrogen Protoxide and Orizalin on Promotion of Polyploidy in Grapes
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2021) Kara, Zeki; Erboğa, Mine; Doğan, Osman
    The effort to reach higher yield and quality in grape production without losing the current quality has led researchers to induce polyploidy with chemical mutagens that cause less damage to the environment and researchers to obtain polyploid grape genotypes. The fact that the number of polyploid grape varieties and their production continue to increase creates synergy for research in this direction. In this study, Nitrous Protoxide, Oryzalin and their combined applications were tested to induce polyploidy in seeds and seedlings whose germination was exponentially induced of cvs. Ekşi Kara and Gök Üzüm (both Vitis vinifera L.). After 48-h, N2O at 5 bar pressure was applied to seeds that germinated until root tips were visible, as well as 48-h and/or 96-h 0 (control), 25 ?M and 100 ?M oryzalin were applied to seedlings whose cotyledon leaves reached full size. Ploidy verification was made by flow cytometry (FC) analysis in selected seedlings by examining the effects of the treatments on the surviving seedling rate, stoma density and size, and the number of chloroplasts. While the morphological and cytological effects of all mutagen applications were found to be significant, only one seedling selected from 25 ?M 48-h oryzalin application in Ekşi Kara cultivar was confirmed by FC analysis. Plant survival rate was lower and morphological differences were more pronounced in the combination of N2O and oryzalin. In future studies, more polyploid induction can be tried with different dose and application time combinations of N2O and oryzalin.
  • Öğe
    Morphological and Physiological Effects of Drought Stress on Some Strawberry Cultivars
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2021) Faaek, Mostafa Fraidoon Faaek; Pırlak, Lütfi
    This study was carried out in the Selcuk University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture Research and practice greenhouse. In the study, Ata77, Bolverim77, Doruk77, Dorukhan77, Eren77, Erenoğlu77 and Hilal77 strawberry varieties obtained from Yalova Atatürk Horticultural Research Institute were used. Sewing 5-6 leaf stage seedlings strawberries made after the arrival of field capacity after the leaves of plants irrigation turgor until drought. After implementation of the varieties of drought with healing and drought period of watering again losses to determine. Leaf relative water content (LRWC) loss 15. by the end of the day up to Ata77 cultivar (51.51%) while the cultivar Dorukhan77 with at least lost 29.74%. Improvement of then 7. day also represents the maximum improvement in the kind of Dorukhan77 (% 5.38), while according to the day of check out lost 17.57% Ata77. Membrane permeability up to Ata77 cultivar (91.32%) while the lowest membrane radicals Doruk77 (71.46%). The drought is finally low stomatal conductivity Ata77 (10.70 mmol m-2 h-1) from the rubrics communicate the highest stomatal conductivity Doruk77 (106.76 mmol m-2 h-1) measured from. Measured in terms of the amount of chlorophyll in leaves, drought and recovery period maximum type of SPAD value from Eren77 (56.52 and 56.73) while Hilal77 the lowest values were obtained from (52.15 and 52.31). Body weight value of relative dry drought at the end of the implementation of the Doruk77 with the highest being obtained from 33.47 g minimum value has been obtained from Ata77 with 24.35 g. In terms of relative root dry weight, the highest value is being obtained from 24.79 g Doruk77 with the minimum value has been obtained from Dorukhan77 with 18.44 g. Leaf after leaf of the drought in the area measuring growth% 2.57 cultivar Dorukhan77 with, while the lowest leaf growth is cultivar has been Doruk77 0.26%.
  • Öğe
    Determination of Morphological Characteristics of Some Prominent Tomato Genotypes
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2022) Kayak, Necibe; Kıymacı, Gülbanu; Kal, Ünal; Dal, Yeşim; Türkmen, Önder
    This study was carried out to determine some morphological characteristics of 94 tomato genotypes at the S4 level and to reveal the relationships between these materials. In the study, leaf attitude, leaf length, leaf width, number of flowers, fruit color, fruit weight, fruit width, fruit length, the thickness of pericarp, fruit shape, fruit diameter, number of locules, and total soluble solid content (TTSC) were measured and observed in these genotypes. As a result of the phenotypic assessment, the maximum fruit weight values of the genotypes were observed as in G9 (317.59 g), G54 (310 g), G92 (292.85 g), G70 (287.01 g), and G110 (276.66 g); and the lowest fruit weight values were observed in G26 (18.302 g) and G8 (14.48 g). Average fruit length, fruit width, pericarp thickness, and the number of carpels were recorded (69.09 mm, 56.90 mm, 6.37 mm, and 4 carpels respectively). Tomato genotypes were also investigated using Cluster and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method based on these measurements and observations. As a result of this analysis, five independent principal component axes were obtained. While these axes represent 69.28% of the total variation, the eigen values were ranged between 1.06 and 4.02. According to the PCA analysis results, genotypes G7, G81, G93, and G103 were prominent in terms of leaf length, fruit width, fruit weight, and carpel number parameters. Based on TSSC results, the G65 genotype was found to be the most prominent one, and the genotypes G12 and G114 exhibit promising results for fruit color. A high degree of morphological variation was detected among tomato genotypes.
  • Öğe
    Studies on Determination of Strawberry Cultivars Suitable for Ereğli-Konya Ecological Conditions
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2022) Karaca, Netice Fulden; Pırlak, Lütfi
    In order for strawberry varieties to be recommended in any region, the ecological demands of the varieties must be determined by making adaptation studies. For a successful strawberry production, variety adaptation plays an important role in the growing region. In strawberry cultivation, one of the most important purposes of breeding programs is to regulate yield and fruit quality. This study was carried out in order to determine the yield and quality characteristics of four strawberry cultivars (Albion, Monterey, San Andreas and Portola) using frigo seedlings in the Ereğli district of Konya province in 2019-2020. In the study, the earliest flowering and the highest yield were observed in Portola variety in both years. The highest fruit weight was obtained from Monterey (8.19 g) in the first year and Portola (7.72 g) in the second year. The highest number of fruits per plant was obtained from Portola (11.85-8.20 units/plant) in both years. The highest fruit firmness was determined in Monterey (1.47-1.49 kg/cm2 ) cultivar in both years. The highest TSS content was determined in Albion (12.40-15.10%) in both years. In the experiment, the highest L (brightness) values were found in San Andreas (35.77-36.82) variety in both years. The highest C (color intensity) value was determined in San Andreas (41.25-43.53) cultivar in both years. The darkest red fruits were determined in Monterey (h°=30.33) and Portola (h°=32.06) in the first year, and in Portola (h°=31.46) and Monterey (C°=32.15) cultivars in the second year. Titratable acidity was found to vary between 1.09% and 1.15% in the first year and between 1.23% and 1.69% in the second year. As a result, it was concluded that the cultivation of Portola variety is appropriate in terms of yield and quality characteristics in Konya province Ereğli conditions.
  • Öğe
    Determination of Yield, Quality and Morphological Characteristics of Different Hybrid Pepper Cultivar Candidates in Konya Ecological Conditions
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2022) Kayak, Necibe; Kal, Ünal; Dal, Yeşim; Türkmen, Önder; Eroğlu, Selcan; Arı, Banu Çiçek; Issı, Neslihan; Tanrıverdi, Ömer Burak; Seymen, Musa
    Pepper is an important variety of vegetable that has economic value in human nutrition in Turkey and in the world. Continuous changes in producer and consumer demands also create a competitive environment in pepper breeding. Green pepper cultivation is generally carried out in greenhouse cultivation, and its cultivation has become widespread in open field conditions. In the study, 8 F1 (G12, G11, K42, B25, L9, Z22, G14 and L10) pepper varieties with superior characteristics were used as plant material. Some plant, leaf and fruit characteristics as well as yield and quality parameters were examined. As a result of the principal components analysis (PCA) made using theese measurements and observations, the study was explained variations in 6 components at a high rate of 97.94%. G11 and G12 cultivar candidates are located in the positive region of both components in the Score plot graph drawn from the first two components which means that these two candidates showed the highest performance among those evaluated ones. These cultivar candidates showed superior characteristics in terms of yield, fruit weight, fruit width, TTS, pH, L and b parameters. It is thought that these cultivar candidates can be grown in open land conditions having semi-arid climate.
  • Öğe
    Doublehaploidization Efficiency of Selected Pepper Genotypes Via in Vitro Anther Culture
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2022) İlhan, Münevver; Kurtar, Ertan Sait
    This study was carried out to determine the effects of genotype and media on haploid plant formation of 12 pepper genotypes (Capsicum annuum L.) via in vitro anther culture. The buds were cultured in 2 different media (O1 and O2) and, the results revealed that the media had effects on the development of anthers, embryo and plantlet initiation. When the anther developmental status is examined, the lowest value was obtained from the SU-31 genotype with 2.47%, while cv. Flinta F1 produced the highest rate with 12.79%. The highest growth rates were obtained from the O2 medium, and the cv. Dolphin variety produced a remarkable result with 25.0% in this medium. The cultivar Dolphin was the favorable genotypes with 8 embryos and 5 plants, while no embryo and plant were obtained from cv. Flinta F1 and SU-34. A total of 2868 anthers were cultured, 195 anthers were enlarged and the growth rate was 6.8%. Finally, 37 embryos and 18 plants were obtained and the frequencies were 1.29% and 0.63%, respectively. As a result of stomatal observations, 13 plants were detected haploid and the others were double haploid.
  • Öğe
    Effects of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.)
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2022) Acar, Osman; Pırlak, Lütfi; Dönmez, Mesude Figen
    This study was carried out in a commercial pomegranate garden in Denizli, in 2017-2018 in order to determine the effects of Pseudomonas sp. HV 5 and Micrococcus luteus GC- subgroup B MFDV3 bacterial strains, which are potentially capable of improving plant yield and development, on plant growth, yield and quality. The effects of bacterial application on shoot diameter, fruit width, fruit size, fruit juice content, pH, acidity and yield per tree were statistically in significant but the effects on fruit weight, fruit volume and fruit juice C vitamins were found to be significant. Concomitant use of HV5 and MFDV3 bacteria resulted in increased fruit weight, volume, and amount of vitamin C in fruit juice compared to control. According to the results of the research, it was concluded that the bacterial strains used had a positive effect on fruit juice and vitamin C only, so that different application forms and doses should be tested.
  • Öğe
    Reactions of Some Grapevine Rootstock Cuttings to Mutagenic Applications
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2022) Kara, Zeki; Doğan, Osman
    Grapevine (Vitis spp.) is one of the most important socio-economically important plants in the global scale, and the need for its breeding is increasing. In viticulture, mutation is more promising than crossbreeding in breeding new genotypes from natural genetic diversity. Polyploid plants outperform their diploid relatives in several respects. In this study, the efficacy of oryzalin and N2O mutagens in the induction of polyploidy was investigated by applying different doses and durations to the forced cuttings of 41B [Chasselas (Vitis vinifera L.) × Vitis berlandieri Planch)] and Fercal [(Vitis vinifera x Vitis berlandieri) × 333 EM] rootstocks. LD50 values of mutagen applications were determined, morphological and cytological effects were examined by macroscopic, microscopic, and cytological methods. Application time and dose increase of mutagens decreased LD50 values. As a result of mutagen applications, leaf thickness and chlorophyll content of the surviving plants increased. Applications increased stomatal sizes, decreased their density, increased chloroplast numbers, increased leaf thicknesses and partially SPAD values. It was determined that they were not polyploid in the confirmation test performed with flow cytometry (FC) analyses in 4 Fercal and 1 41B samples that were assumed to be mutant by stoma and chloroplast examinations. After that, it was thought that it would be appropriate to try vegetative material with actively dividing cells, such as nodal cuttings, in the studies of obtaining polyploid individuals on grapevine rootstocks.
  • Öğe
    The Effects of Ortho Silicone Applications on the Acclimatization Process of Grapevine Rootstocks
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2022) Kara, Zeki; Yazar, Kevser; Ekinci, Heydem; Doğan, Osman; Özer, Ayşe
    Micropropagation is a tool for large-scale reproduction of planting material for viticulture sustainability. Successful micropropagation depends on the continued productivity of plantlets during the acclimatization phase. Due to high humidity in the culture container and free water in the environment, it causes rapid water loss and drying of plantlets with watery stems and leaves, poorly developed cuticle, large intercellular space, and incomplete stomata. Acclimatization of in vitro grown plantlets is often difficult. Silicon is gaining in importance as a useful tool in coping with multiple stress factors in different plant species, due to its contribution to the formation of the cuticle of plants, its mechanical resistance to biotic and abiotic stress, and its contribution to the flow of water through stomata and plant surfaces. In this study, the effects of 500 and 1000 µL ortho silicon applications at the acclimatization stage on in vitro propagated plantlets of 41B, 110R and Fercal grapevine rootstocks were evaluated by examining their survival rates. In the in vitro propagation process, rooting rates were listed as Fercal (64%) and 110R (32%) and 41B (28%) according to rootstocks, while root numbers were listed as Fercal (11.8), 41B (8.5), 110R (3.6). Genotypic differences were determined in the effects of silicon on plantlets in the acclimation process. In 110R and Fercal control plantlets, all plantlets were lost during acclimatization. Of the plantlets treated with 1000 µL SiO2, 110R 66% Fercal 88% and in 41B, the control, 500 and 1000 µL SiO2 applied plantlets survived 100%, 66% and 66%, respectively. 1000 µL SiO2 dose was more effective on survival rates than 500 µL applications. In subsequent studies, it was found that 1000 µL SiO2 applications could be used for practical success in grapevine genotypes that had problems in acclimatization and in other in vitro propagation studies.
  • Öğe
    The Effects of Malch Applications on the Seedling Quality of 110R and Fercal Grape Rootstocks
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2020) Kara, Zeki; Fakhar, Mohammed Salah Mohammednoorı
    Viticulture, in Turkey as well as all over the world is one of the most important agricultural activities as socio-economic issues. Significant quantities of highquality grapevine seedlings are needed to maintain and improve the current state of viticulture at national and global levels. Soil cultivation, irrigation and plant protection activities in the sapling production process not only increase the production cost, but also affect the yield and quality of the seedlings. In this study, mulch applications (Black plastic BP, Black plastic jute PJ, Biodegradable plastic BD, Wheat stalk OM and Control) of 110R and Fercal grape rootstocks obtained from the Sub-Union of Sapling Producers, from standard graftable quality virus free cuttings, in open area conditions was done. Effects of applications on seedling yield and quality (soil temperature (°C), leaf temperature (°C), stomatal conductivity (mmol m-2 s -1 ), leaf chlorophyll content (spad value), leaf area (cm2), leaf number (pieces), leaf weight (g), shoot length (cm), shoot diameter (mm), pruning residue weight (g), shoot development level (0-4 scale), root numbers (pieces) and diameter (mm), root fresh and dry weight (g), root growth level (0-4 scale) and seedling efficiency (%) were examined. While mulch applications in general provided improvement in all parameters examined, the efficiency varied according to grapevine rootstocks and examined properties. In terms of seedling efficiency, BP application in Fercal rootstock and BD application in 110R rootstock were most effective. According to the data obtained from this study, the positive effects of BP and BB, PJ and OM mulch applications were determined in the production of grape rootstock seedlings in open areas and especially in areas where the relative humidity was very low.
  • Öğe
    Influence of Modified Atmosphere Packaging on the Postharvest Quality and Chilling Injury of Tomato Harvested at Different Maturity Stages
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2020) Sabır, Ferhan Küçükbasmacı; Selçuk, Emine Gül; Ünal, Sevil
    The present study was performed to determine effects of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on postharvest quality and chilling injury alleviation of tomatoes during low temperature storage. Tomatoes were harvested at two different stages (breaker and pink stage) and packed with MAP (Xtend® bags MAP). Air stored fruits were considered as control. All samples were stored at 5°C with 90% RH for 21 days. Weight loss, firmness, surface color, lycopene, ascorbic acid, total phenol, total antioxidant activity and chilling injury were investigated with intervals of 7 days. At the end of the storage, MAP of either breaker or pink fruits reduced the weight loss, maintained firmness and exhibited less biochemical changes than the control fruit. Moreover, tomatoes stored in MAP have less chilling injury than control at breaker maturity stage. The onset of chilling injury was also delayed by packaging compared to nonpackaged fruits. The general qualities of MAP fruits were better than those of air stored fruits. Overall findings indicate that MAP can be an effective method for enhancing the phytochemical content, delaying the senescence and chilling injury of tomatoes at breaker or pink maturity stages during low temperature storage.
  • Öğe
    Seed Yield and Characteristics in a Half-Diallel Pumpkin Population
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2020) Seymen, Musa
    In addition to fresh and roasted pumpkin seeds used in human nutrition, they are used as an additive to bread, salami, sausage, mayonnaise and many food products because of their high protein content. The most common problem encountered in the cultivation of confectionary pumpkin is the lack of varieties with good seed yield and quality in the market. In this study, it was aimed to reveal the promising hybrids with superior characteristics by determining the yield and seed characteristics of the 13 pumpkin inbred lines (Cucurita pepo) and 74 hybrid lines which are obtained by crossing between inbred lines and two local varieties (3-Hatun Tirnagi and 4-Cercevelik) as control. As a result of the study, the highest positive correlation was found between seed thickness and 1000 seed weight and between seed length and seed width. The crosses of 31x34, 23x28, 13x23, 38x40, 29x37, 30x31 and 23x29, especially 40x29, in the positive region of both components showed superior performance compared to their parents in all parameters. These hybrids have emerged as promising crosses to develop the F1 hybrid confectionary pumpkin varieties.
  • Öğe
    The Effects of Ortho Silicon (Optysil) and Ascophyllum Nodosum Based Seaweed Extract (KelpGreen) Applications on the Quality of Table Grape cvs. Gök Üzüm and Müşküle
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2022) Kara, Zeki; Uğur, Burcu Nur; Doğan, Osman
    Table grapes are one of the most consumed non-climacteric fruits globally, and practices for their quality are socioeconomically important. In this study, the effects of the combined and separate applications of two plant activators Ortho Silicon (Si, Optysil, 0.5 mL L-1 ) and Ascophyllum nodosum-based seaweed extract (ANE, KelpGreen 2.5 ml L-1 ) were tested by two applications after fruit set 15 days intervals to table grapes cvs. Gök Üzüm and Müşküle in a producer vineyard at Hadim town of Konya province in middle Anatolia 37°2'15"N 32°34'53" E, 1060 m above sea level. The effects of the applications on ripening, cluster and berry characteristics and post harvest shelf life during 10 days of storage at room conditions were analyzed. Both plant activators provided an increase in cluster size and an improvement in ripening. Si+ANE was more effective on the maturation and quality retention during the post-harvest shelf-life period. All applications provided reduction in weight loss (WL), decay rate and berry dullness, and it reduced berry separation force due to the drying of the peduncle and decreased the maturity index (MI) increase in the post harvest period. Thus, it contributed to the formation and retention of fruit quality. According to the data obtained from this study, improvements in the sustainable preservation of table grape quality can be achieved by applying Ortho Silicon and A. nodosum based seaweed extract separately and together between after fruit set and before veraison.
  • Öğe
    Effects of Rhizobacteria on Plant Growth and Fruit Quality of Blackberry in Alkaline Soil
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2022) İpek, Muzaffer; Eşitken, Ahmet
    This study was conducted at Selçuk University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Research and Application Orchard. In the study, the effects of different bacterial strains on yield, fruit quality, plant growth, and nutrition issues in Jumbo and Chester blackberry varieties in calcareous soil conditions were determined. As a result of the measurements and analyzes, it was determined that bacterial applications are effective on plant growth, yield, and fruit quality criteria. Shoot length values were found longer in the Chester variety, while the Jumbo variety had higher values in the number of shoots per plant. There was no statistically significant difference in terms of yield per decare of varieties. When the efficiency is examined in terms of applications, 637Ca application in Chester variety and 637Ca + SY 55 application in Jumbo variety have the highest efficiency values. With the data obtained, it was determined that bacterial applications made positive contributions to blackberry plants grown in calcareous soil conditions.
  • Öğe
    Biochemical Effects of Drought Stress in Some Strawberry Cultivars
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2022) Ali, Mostafa Fraidoon Faaek; Pırlak, Lütfi; Turan, Metin
    This research was 2016-2017 years of the Selcuk University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture Research and practice was carried out in the greenhouse. Study the Yalova Atatürk Central Horticultural Research Institute, Ata-77, Bolverim-77, Doruk-77, Dorukhan-77, Eren-77, Erenoğlu-77, and Hilal-77 strawberry varieties. After the planted strawberry seedlings reached the 5- 6 leaf stage, after irrigation at field capacity, drought application was made until the plants lost their leaf turgor. After implementation of the varieties of drought with healing and drought period of watering again losses to determine. In strawberry cultivars, significant decreases occurred in the amount of protein with the application of drought. In the recovery period after the drought, the protein amounts increased again. Drought treatment significantly increased proline content in all cultivars compared to control. Catalase enzyme activity in all strawberry cultivars increased significantly as a result of drought application in both years. There was a slight decrease in the recovery period. In both years of the study, drought application increased the peroxidase enzyme activity in all strawberry cultivars compared to the control, and a slight decrease occurred in the recovery period compared to the drought application. Drought application in cultivars increased the superoxide dismutase enzyme activity a little compared to the control, while the activity decreased to the control level during the recovery period.
  • Öğe
    In Vitro Micropropagation of Fruit Species Using Next Generation Bioreactors
    (Selçuk Üniversitesi, 2023) Karakoyun, Merve; Eroğlu, Ali; Arıkan, Şeyma; İpek, Muzaffer
    This review provides a summary of the most recent advancements in bioreactor systems, which have become more popular over the past few decades due to the outstanding qualities they offer for the creation of plant tissue and organ cultures in the laboratory as well as on a large scale. It provides a comprehensive discussion on the application of bioreactor systems in fruit cultivation as well as current research. This review presents a solution for researchers who are interested in the cultivation of diverse fruit species, as well as describes the methods that are used in the bioreactor system to propagate various fruit species.