Gertrude Bell’in Anılarında Konya

Küçük Resim



Dergi Başlığı

Dergi ISSN

Cilt Başlığı


Selçuk Üniversitesi

Erişim Hakkı



Gertrude Bell Yirminci yüzyılın ilk çeyreğinde Dünya siyasi tarihinde iz bırakmış önemli bir şahsiyettir. Bell yüzyılın başlarında Dünyayı iki kez dolaşmış, arkeolojik kazılar yapmış, gezip gördüğü yerlerdeki tarihi eserlerin envanterini çıkarmış, bunları fotoğrafları ve planlarıyla birlikte yayınlamıştır. Ayrıca Bell gittiği yerlerde günlükler tutmuş, ailesine naşından geçen olayları anlatan mektuplar yazmış, bunlar da günümüze tarihi bir görgü tanığının kaleminden o dönemi aydınlatan vesikalar olarak intikal etmiştir. Bu çalışmada Gertrude Bell’in Konya’daki çalışmaları sırasında burada yaşadıklarını anlatan günlük ve mektuplarla ilgili örnekler verilerek, daha kapsamlı bir çalışmanın önü açılmaya çalışılacaktır. Burada tanıtılacak olanlar Bell’in kitaplarından ve onun adına kurulmuş olan web sitesinden alınmıştır. Bunlar fotoğraflar, günlükler ve mektuplardan meydana gelmektedir.
The historians recognize Gertrude Bell The Queen of The Desert. In the science world as the British secret service member on behalf of the Middle East during the First World War have done studies, students Lawrens Arabia known as the famous British agent, Thomas Edward Lawrence 'Hashemi together with Arabs against the Ottoman Empire have been organized because the history of old age to light archaeological work rather than political character has come to the fore. She is great influence in the Arab world. Arab nationalism in the region ensure that the judge has made important accomplishments. Therefore today in Arabia in schools, textbooks are read with the name of Awakening of the Arab awakening are introduced as a hero. Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, North West of England to the world income in the city of Durham. Childhood educators in the hands of nannies and missed passes through a disciplined process. Who completed training in London, College, Oxford University Modern History section after graduating with first class degree in European travel interests. Bell's travels to Europe have passed the years 1893-1899. From Bucharest starting this trip Germany, Italy, Switzerland and France are into. In 1899, the Arab world are turning to Bell, the same year he went to Jerusalem. As set out here in June of 19OO Syria after move Cebelidüruz'a income. Bell's husband's aunt in the years (1902-1903) has been appointed as ambassador in Tehran and she is located at Tahran. Learned Persian and some parts from the Divan of Hafiz translated into English nad publicated it. In the same year, India, Java, Burma, China. Japan and America circulating Gerture Bell, in 1905 a new trip to the Middle East does more. Observations publicated under the title The Desert and the Sown. Bell makes a trip to Anatolia in 1907. Over Symirna, Manisa, and came to Isparta. Bell, held here after his trip to Konya in revenue and observations, where 40 kilometers north of Karaman with the famous archaeologist Montenegro Ramsey and invention goes to the region and the famous Binbir Church will participate in the excavation. This study was also published by The Thousand and One Churches. Bell came to Konya after her excavations , where Madenşehri veDeğleören. She ‘s observations are in Sille and Meram. Keep logs and notes here that under the name "Notes on a Journey through Cilicia and Lycaonia" was published in Revue Archeoîogigue. Gertrude at the beginning of the century, has an interest about the Arab world, learnt Arabic, to the desert began in her depths of the archaeological excavations. With the outbreak of World War I, Gertrude, was walking toward the real goal to work on behalf of the British Intelligence began organizing against the tribes in the Ottoman Empire under the sovereignty of the British Mesopotamian region were put. The oil regions to determine their own hands with the Iraqi political map was drawn. This is in addition to political activities related to Bell's Anatolia and Mesopotamia, the region has a very serious excavation and research. For this, set up a museum at the Bell on its behalf in Baghdad, where the archaeological remains of the region has exhibited. Bell's work has not only limited to the Middle-East, Asia Minor, called the Anatolian teriroties has made serious excavations. One of the most important excavations in 1907 are performed in Montenegro One and Tousand Church. Gertude Bell's trip to work to keep the day, check her files, her reports were collected in a project under the same name. New Castle University belonged to Bell, this project prepared documents for publication via an Internet site is provided. URL address; the site documents, are to be divided into three groups as photographs, diaries and letters. Photos from 28 albums and has occurred, among them Italy Turkey, Lebanon, West Bank, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Egypt, Israel, Yugoslavia, India, Burma, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Korea, Japan and Canada are the 7000 photos. Write letters to family members at the 1600 letter is. Thediaries from 1877 to 1917 and it contains a history stretching to see over time during the live recording of the event is taken under state. Bell had left documents of historical and archaeological value of art do not include only the Ottoman political history related photos are also very important. For example, the photos taken in Istanbul about the 31 March event is very important that there are images, they look at in terms of value for historical photos is invaluable in the provision of valuable certificate. In this study we in Bell's day in photos and letters from the data that is associated with the history of Konya have selected a few for the work to be done in the future by standing on the front will try to give information. Photos: Saint Amphilochius of Iconium Mosque and the remains of the mansion Alaattin: Lion Statue in front of the pavilion and Alaattin and stayed Fattuh Castle Walls Sırçalı Medrese, Karatay Medrese, Ince Minaret Medrese, Mevlana Dervish Lodge Charles Hotham Montagu Doughty-Wylie Letters and Journal in Konya Gertrude Bell had left the days of our documents and letters between Konya with a multi-day are. Bell's in the section talking about this particular correspondence from Konya Konya's historical and descriptive information is available for the cult. This respect, these documents are date certificate qualifications.


Anahtar Kelimeler

Gertrude Bell, Konya, Binbir Kilise, Eflatun Mescidi, Kilistra, Saint Amphilochius of Iconium, Mosque and the remains of the mansion Alaattin, Iconia


Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi

WoS Q Değeri

Scopus Q Değeri





İpçioğlu, M., (2009). Gertrude Bell’in Anılarında Konya. Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 21, 249-253.